[These manifestations indicate a sexually transmitted disease]_Features_Features
STD is a disease that is transmitted through sexual intercourse. It mainly occurs in the genital area, making the skin prone to herpes, blisters, etc., which is likely to cause cancer. It is very harmful to human health and causes STDs to show different symptoms depending on the STDSymptoms, exacerbation of urethral mouth pain, suppuration and so on.
Clinical manifestations Because STDs is a general term for a group of diseases, the symptoms of which vary from disease to disease. After infection with STD pathogens, some people have obvious clinical manifestations, but others do not have any manifestations.
The clinical manifestations of different STDs caused by different pathogens are different.
The following briefly describes the clinical characteristics of common STDs1.
Syphilis (1) The first stage of syphilis is mainly a painless ulcer (hard chancre) in the genitals, usually 2?
It began to appear after 4 weeks; (2) secondary syphilis mainly manifested as rash and wet arthritis and protrusions of bones, joints, eyes, nerves, viscera and other parts.
(3) Tertiary syphilis is mainly manifested as severe damage to nerves and cardiovascular and other major organs.
Gonorrhea males often have purulent urethral discharge, conscious dysuria, urgency, frequent urination, or itching; women show vulvar itching and burning sensation, accompanied by vaginal purulent discharge.
Genital tract Chlamydia trachomatis infections are mainly urethral mucus or mucopurulent secretions, painful urination, lower abdominal pain, or pain during intercourse.
Condyloma acuminata is mainly manifested as spots on the vulva, vagina, and cervix or multiple nipple-like, crest-like, cauliflower-like, or clump-like extra organisms.
Genital herpes begins to manifest as itching or itching of the genitals, thighs, or acetabulum, and pain.
In turn, multiple erythema, pimples, and blisters appear in the genitals, chest, anus, or other parts of the body.
First onset or accompanied by systemic symptoms such as fever and headache.
Common pathogens (1) The virus can cause condyloma acuminatum, genital herpes, and cardiovascular disease.
Common herpes simplex virus, human papilloma virus, molluscum wart virus, cytomegalovirus, EB virus, hepatitis virus, AIDS virus and so on.
(2) Chlamydia can cause venereal lymphogranuloma, chlamydia urethritis / cervicitis.
Mainly various serotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis.
(3) Mycoplasma can cause non-gonococcal urethritis.
Including Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
(4) Treponema pallidum can be caused by Treponema pallidum.
(5) Bacteria can cause gonorrhea and soft chancre.
Common are Gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus ducreyi, Capsella granulomatous, Gartnerella, anaerobic bacteria, etc.
(6) Can cause vulvovaginal candidiasis.
The pathogenic microorganisms are mainly Candida albicans.
(7) Protozoa and parasites can cause vaginal trichomoniasis, scabies, and peniculosis.
These pathogens exist widely in nature and grow and reproduce at appropriate temperatures and become ill.
Transmission (1) Sexual transmission Same-sex or heterosexual intercourse is the main method of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
Other sexual acts such as oral sex, fingering, kissing, touching, etc. can also occur.
(2) Indirect contact transmission Non-sexual contact transmission is relatively rare, but certain sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and comminuted infection, occasionally under certain circumstancesCan be spread through towels, bidets, clothes, and more.
(3) Blood-borne transmission of syphilis, AIDS, and lymphoma may cause pathogenemia. If the recipient receives such blood, a transmissible infection can occur.
(4) Mother-to-child transmission of syphilis in pregnant women can infect women through the placenta; pregnant women suffer from gonorrhea, which can cause infection due to infection in the amniotic cavity.
Neonatal gonorrhea or chlamydia ophthalmia, chlamydia pneumonia may occur through the birth canal during delivery.
(5) Iatrogenic transmission. Medical personnel’s protection is not strict enough to infect themselves; medical equipment is not strictly disinfected, pathogens are killed, and they can infect others when used; biological transplantation, artificial insemination.(6) Other ways such as vector insects, food and water are not significant in STD transmission.